Record number of female university students and faculty members in Japan

The number of female faculty members and female students in Japan has increased again in 2022. At the same time, the population decline is reflected in the decline in the number of elementary and junior high school students.

The number of female faculty members in Japan at national, public and private universities was 50,975 as of May 1, 2022, a record high. This is revealed by a survey published by the Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology. The percentage of female faculty members also reached an all-time high of 26.7%.

The current number of female faculty members reflects the steady increase over the past 50 years from 6,829 in 1972, when women made up only 8.4% of faculty members, to 12,380 in 1992 , when they represented 9.6%.

The percentage of female teachers was 44.3% in colleges (+0.3 point over one year), 33.1% in high schools (+0.2 point) and 62.6% in specialized schools (+ 0.3 points), each a record. Meanwhile, the percentage of female teachers in elementary schools was 62.4%.

The number of undergraduate students in Japan is 2,632,000 (up 6,700 from the previous year), including 1,201,000 female students (up 4,500 from the previous year), two records. Women made up 45.6% of all undergraduate students, maintaining the previous year’s record high.

The number of graduate students was 262,000, up 4,700 from the previous year.

Closure of elementary and middle schools

Meanwhile, the number of students enrolled in compulsory elementary and secondary schools has fallen to the lowest point since statistics were first compiled in 1948. The number of primary school students fell by 72,000 year-on-year to 6,151,000, while the number of junior high school students decreased from 24,000 to 3,205,000. Although there was a slight increase in the number of students attending combined elementary and secondary schools or combined middle and secondary schools, the overall trend clearly reflects the sharp decline in the number of births in the country.

The number of elementary schools nationwide fell by 175 year-on-year to 19,161, while the number of junior high schools fell by 64 to 10,012.

(Translated from Japanese. Banner photo © Pixta.)